(TIML HISTORY) Africans were the first to inhabit the Earth. Fossil records as well as DNA analysis give scientific evidence to support this fact. Therefore, the first woman to give birth was a black African woman. It is from her that all humans have come. Mitochondrial DNA analysis has traced all human beings back to one Black woman who is estimated to have lived between 99,000 and 200,000 years ago, most likely in East Africa, when Homo sapiens sapiens (anatomically modern humans) were developing as a population distinct from other human subspecies.
Early African civilizations understood the importance of the woman as the creator of life. This is why many African civilizations developed matrilineal societies where the woman was the central figure. That does not mean women dominated the men, but rather that men learned to respect and appreciate the importance of the Black women.
The earliest females in recorded history to rule nations were African women. The best-known female ruler was the Egyptian Pharaoh Hatshepsut (1503 to 1482 B.C.), dubbed “The Ablest Queen of Far Antiquity” by historians. While several male rivals sought to oust her from power, Hatshepsut withstood their challenges to remain head of what was then the world’s leading nation for 33 years.
To help enhance her popularity with the people of Egypt, Hatshepsut had a number of spectacular temples and pyramids erected, some of which still stand today as a testament to one of the most successful female rulers in history.
Although it was uncommon for ancient Egypt to be ruled by a woman, it was not unprecedented. Hatshepsut is the first for which the detailed records have been discovered, but other Black women before her held the highest title of the land.